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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 115001 Find in a Library
Title: An Ancient Herb Turns Deadly: Coca
Journal: National Geographic  Volume:175  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1989)  Pages:3-47
Author(s): P T White
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 45
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This illustrated article explains the history and cultivation of the coca plant and the tranformation from its longstanding use as a mild stimulant in several South American countries into the basis of a multibillon dollar criminal industry that produces cocaine and distributes it primarily in the United States.
Abstract: The discussion emphasizes that coca has long been grown in Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, and other countries and chewed legally and routinely to counter hunger, fatigue, and the effects of living at a high altitude. Text and photographs describe the process that transforms the coca leaves into cocaine, which was outlawed in the United States in 1914 and the efforts of United States law enforcement agencies to infiltrate the production and trafficking networks. The discussion also focuses on the violence and corruption associated with the cocaine industry, the history and trends in its use in the United States, its impacts on the user, urine testing, efforts at eradication and interdiction, discussions about its legalization. The analysis concludes that although cocaine use is declining among many population groups, the drug is persistently entrenched and will not be brought under control any time soon.
Main Term(s): Cocaine
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug law enforcement; Drug law offenses; Drug laws; Drug Related Crime; Drug smuggling
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