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NCJ Number: 115024 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Social Organization and Differential Association: A Research Note from a Longitudinal Study of Violent Juvenile Offenders
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:34  Issue:3  Dated:(July 1988)  Pages:307-327
Author(s): C Reinarman; J Fagan
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 821J-CX-K008
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Social-structural dimensions of the work of Sutherland and Cressey are typically neglected in favor of the social-psychology of differential association, which attempts to explain individual crime and delinquency in terms of socialization and learning.
Abstract: In this article we follow a lead from Don Cressey's article, 'Epidemiology and Individual Conduct,' and explore how differential social organization may be related to differential association. Using data from a three-year follow-up study of 130 serious juvenile offenders, we attempt to assess whether the effects of differential association variables (and others from competing theories) vary according to the social-class characteristics of the delinquents' social areas. While differential association variables were found to be the strongest predictors of delinquency, we were unable to demonstrate that their predictive efficacy varied significantly by the social class of the delinquents' social areas. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prediction
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile Delinquency seriousness scales; Sutherland's theory
Note: An earlier version of this article was presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Chicago, August 17-21, 1987.
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