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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 115263 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Children and Youth Under 18 in the Juvenile Justice System: Institutionalization and Victimization
Author(s): D J Berkman; K V Turney; D M Place; P S Alexander
Corporate Author: American Justice Institute
National Juvenile Justice System Assessment Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 138
Sponsoring Agency: American Justice Institute
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-JN-AX-0013
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study presents the results of a national assessment of state-of-the-art-knowledge (as it existed in 1981) regarding the institutionalization and victimization of youth under 18 years old in the juvenile justice system as well as data on juveniles managed in the criminal justice system.
Abstract: This report outlines the formal legal procedures and informal mechanisms involved in the institutionalization of juveniles in adult and juvenile facilities. Three aspects of institutionalization as they existed in 1981 are examined: the actual number of juveniles under 18 years old in institutions, increases or decreases in this number, and the proportion of institutionalized juveniles in secure facilities. A literature review (1981) focuses on juvenile victimization in and by institutions. Legal challenges that may be brought on behalf of incarcerated juveniles are also discussed. The report concludes by explaining policy implications of a number of issues affecting victimized youth under 18 years old in juvenile and adult institutions. These include the reduction of juvenile justice system dependency on institutions, the need for a viable Federal institutionalization policy, the need for States to take a more critical role in protecting the rights and addressing problems of juveniles placed outside the home, and the need for local agencies and institutions to take action to prevent institutional abuse. The report points to information gaps regarding institutionalization of youth under 18, the need for further research in this area, and the juvenile justice system's over-reliance on institutionalization in general. 141 references, 16 tables.
Main Term(s): Juvenile inmates
Index Term(s): Institutional child abuse; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile Corrections/Detention
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