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NCJ Number: 115314 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Economic Crime and Economic Criminal Law in the Federal Republic of Germany (From Report for 1986 and Resource Series No. 31: UNAFEI, P 128-158, April 1987, Hideo Utsuro, ed. -- See NCJ-115311)
Author(s): H J Schneider
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This article defines the concepts of economic criminal law in the Federal Republic of Germany and describes the reform efforts of economic criminal law.
Abstract: The essential characteristics of economic crime include (1) deviant behavior that violates economic criminal law; (2) crime that is primarily not directed against individual interest, but against individual sectors of economy; (3) crime that causes physical, psychological, social, economic, and immaterial damage; and (4) misuse of trust and power. Some forms and examples of economic crime are as follows: (1) disregard of employment protection; (2) unfair trading practices; (3) economic fraud; and (4) unjustified commercialization of medical treatment. The various forms of appearance of economic crimes are quoted as examples, including consumer credit fraud, insolvency fraud, and computer crime. The concept of economic criminal law is disputed as is that of economic crime itself, however, the normations included in Federal German laws are penal normations for the protection of national economy, business economy, fiscal economy, and public and consumers in general. Reformatory efforts in the field of economic criminal law began in the 1960s and closed with the Second Act for the Repression of Economic Crime in 1986. These efforts are documented and described. An outline of the most important provisions of economic criminal law is also given. The extent of violations of economic criminal law have not been exactly determined due to the deficiencies of official statistics. The prevention and control of economic crime are discussed. 57 references.
Main Term(s): Economic crime models
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems; Germany; White collar crime
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