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NCJ Number: 115591 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Gang Involvement in Cocaine Rock Trafficking
Author(s): M W Klein; C L Maxson; L C Cunningham
Corporate Author: University of Southern California
Social Science Research Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 49
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, CA 90007
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 85-IJ-CX-0057
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Contrary to expectations, analyses of data from law enforcement sources revealed that a dramatic increase in the sale of rock cocaine or crack in Los Angeles between 1983 and 1985 was not accompanied by accelerated involvement of street gangs.
Abstract: The primary sources of data were cocaine sales incidents recorded by law enforcement in South Central Los Angeles and gang membership identifications on all logged arrestees involved in these cases. Cocaine sales arrests rose 375 percent between 1983 and 1985, but this explosion was not dominated by gang involvement. Gang identification had no significant impact on the nature of the cocaine sale incident, and no gang-correlated escalations in violence were found. Finally, the perceived connection between gangs and cocaine did not produce increased cooperation among special police units nor spur technological innovations. The study concludes that the purported connection between crack sales and gangs in Los Angeles was considerably overstated and that the world of rock cocaine belongs to normal drug dealers, not street gangs. Consequently, the results do not support a need for gang expertise in law enforcement narcotics operations. Tables and three references.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Crack; Drug law enforcement
Note: Draft paper
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