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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 118315 Find in a Library
Title: Child Victim As a Witness
Corporate Author: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Project Director: D M Munson
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Technical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A project funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is funding a research and development project in four jurisdictions to help reduce the psychological trauma that child witnesses in child sexual abuse cases experience and to increase the successful prosecution of offenders.
Abstract: The project involves work with law enforcement, social service agencies, the courts, and other criminal justice agencies to determine which court strategies work best when handling child victims. The four jurisdictions are Polk County (Iowa), Ramsey County (Minn.), Erie County (N.Y.), and San Diego County (Calif.). The project arose from the recognition that the criminal justice system is often badly suited to address the emotional, psychological, and physical needs of children. In addition, some experts believe that court intervention may damage child victims by intensifying existing problems, delaying the resolution of symptoms resulting from the abuse, or creating a new set of stressful circumstances. The research is focusing on such issues as the impact of innovative techniques on the outcome of the case prosecution and on the child's emotional trauma. These practices include coordinating investigative interviews, using dolls or other props to help the child communicate, assigning an advocate or guardian ad litem to support the child, accelerating case processing, and coordinating criminal and civil abuse and neglect proceedings. Descriptions of the strategies being used in each location and addresses from which to obtain more information are included.
Main Term(s): Child victims; Juvenile witnesses
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Court-sponsored victim services; Psychological victimization effects
Note: OJJDP Update on Research, reprinted from NIJ Reports SNI 214, May-June 1989
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