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NCJ Number: 118337 Find in a Library
Title: Ideals and Reality in Community Mediation (From Mediation and Criminal Justice: Victims, Offenders and Community, P 140-151, 1989, Martin Wright and Burt Galaway, eds. -- See NCJ-118327)
Author(s): M Gronfors
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications Ltd
London, EC2A 4PU, England
Sale Source: Sage Publications Ltd
6 Bonhill Street
London, EC2A 4PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Evaluation results show favorable outcomes for Finland's first community mediation project, begun in 1983 in the city of Vantaa to provide an alternative to court action for both civil and criminal cases.
Abstract: Cases are referred either directly from the public or from the authorities. The mediation office selects the principal mediator for each case, who in turn selects a secondary mediator. The mediator contacts the parties to arrange for mediation sessions. Each party is first given an opportunity to state his/her case. The mediator then assists the parties in the negotiation of an agreement, which is stated in writing. Basic and inservice training are provided to mediators. Toward the end of the experimental period, mediation agreements emphasized cash compensation to victims of offenses. An evaluation of mediation in 1984-85 focused on 73 cases (57 criminal cases and the remainder mostly civil). Interviews with mediation participants revealed positive attitudes on the part of both parties, almost without exception. A review of the process and mediation agreements, however, indicates that the program has shifted from a focus on conflict resolution to a system of negotiating compensation. This is probably due to the placation of the legal system from which referrals are received. 1 figure, 3 notes, 7 references.
Main Term(s): Mediation
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; Conflict resolution; Finland
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