skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 118406 Find in a Library
Title: Research in Health Care Settings
Author(s): K E Grady; B S Wallston
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 176
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Publication Number: ISBN 0-08039-2875-0
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Basic research methods and issues of interest to social and behavioral scientists who conduct health care research are examined in this book.
Abstract: The traditional research model describes a rational sequence of steps in the research process. Research begins with a statement of the problem or research question, backed up by a literature review showing what is already known. A competing model, known as the "garbage can" model, attempts to capture some of the chaos of actual research and is derived from an organizational decisionmaking model in which theories, methods, resources, and solutions interact. The book is based on the garbage can model and reflects the needs of large, interdisciplinary research projects. Coequal status is given to the many elements required by such projects, and the model permits researchers to follow an orderly but flexible approach to the research process. There are fundamental dilemmas and limitations in any research effort. Knowledge is obtained by attacking the same problem using different methods that do not share the same weaknesses. Steps in the research process based on the garbage can model are detailed, and examples are provided of attempts to cope with problems that arise during the course of research. 3 tables, 180 references.
Main Term(s): Behavioral science research
Index Term(s): Healthcare; Research design models; Research methods
Note: Applied Social Research Methods Series Volume 14
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.