skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 118465 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Law -- Involuntary Servitude -- United States V. Kozminski -- 108 S CT 2751 (1988)
Journal: University of Detroit Law Review  Volume:66  Issue:2  Dated:(Winter 1989)  Pages:297-310
Author(s): S J Gorsline
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 14
Type: Legislative/Regulatory Material
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In United States v. Kozminski, 108 S. CT. 2751 (1988), the Supreme Court addressed the issue of the proper meaning of "involuntary servitude" for purposes of criminal prosecutions under section 241 and section 1584 of the United States Code.
Abstract: The case involved two mentally retarded men laboring on the defendants' farm in poor health, squalid conditions, and relative isolation. The defendants were charged with holding the victims in a condition of involuntary servitude pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1584, and also with conspiring to deprive the men of their constitutional right to be free from involuntary servitude as defined in 18 U.S.C. section 241. The Court held that only conditions of servitude in which the victim is forced to work for another by the threat or use of physical or legal coercion or "slave-like" conditions were sufficient to support a conviction under either of these sections. The Court presented two policy arguments against the broad interpretation of "involuntary servitude" which included nonphysical, or psychological coercion, which broadened rather than narrowed the test for what constitutes coercion. The Kozminski case failed to have a great impact on involuntary servitude cases.
Main Term(s): Judicial decisions; Rights of the accused
Index Term(s): Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Jurisprudence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.