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NCJ Number: 118468 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Prevention: a Shift in Concept
Journal: Research Bulletin  Issue:24  Dated:Special Issue (1987)  Pages:5-8
Author(s): M Tuck
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 4
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Crime prevention in Europe has seen a shift from reliance on the traditional mechanisms of the formal criminal justice system to a growth in techniques of local control based on the voluntary participation of citizens in activities perceived as crime prevention.
Abstract: Long prison sentences and incapacitation are still the U.S. method of choice in crime control. British criminology has tended to look up to the United States for guidance, although the United States has not been notably successful in controlling crime. Britain's European neighbors have been more successful in creating stable and ordered societies through the formation of community structures, institutions, and influences that reduce criminogenic factors and foster normative socialization among the young. European crime prevention has also focused on reduction in the opportunities for crime by encouraging citizens to assume responsibility for residential security and surveillance. The formal criminal justice system remains as a backup to community crime prevention initiatives but it is not the frontier or the cutting edge of effective crime control. 6 references.
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Community involvement; United Kingdom (UK)
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