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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 118484 Find in a Library
Title: Judicial Authority and Responsibility: 18 Recommendations on Issues in Delinquency and Abuse/Neglect Dispositions
Corporate Author: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Reno, NV 89507
State Justice Institute
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
P.O. Box 8970
Reno, NV 89507
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Recommendations are offered to clarify the judicial role in juvenile justice and child protection.
Abstract: Juvenile and family courts must have the power necessary to meet their judicial responsibilities, have an adequate number of qualified judicial officers and other court personnel available to assure optimum handling of each case, and have the authority to provide alternative and effective processing of juvenile and family matters. These courts must be authorized to issue special preadjudicatory orders designed to protect the best interests of the child, have original and exclusive jurisdiction to coordinate all matters affecting children and families in delinquency or abuse and neglect matters, and have the authority to order individualized disposition based on evidence. The courts must also be authorized to review their own dispositional orders, case plans, and progress reports and the results of other judicial monitoring of any case. They must have available to them an adequate range of service and treatment resources and have statutory authority to order parents or guardians to pay reasonable and necessary costs. There must be clearly defined judicial authority for continuing jurisdiction over child placements, commitments, and other dispositional orders. Statutes should provide for minimum standards and frequent independent review of all out-of-home facilities and treatment programs for juveniles. Judges should be involved in State rulemaking on the adoption of new court rules that will improve court operation and on changes in existing court rules that hinder the effectiveness of courts. Judges with administrative responsibility must have the authority to delegate specified duties and responsibilities to qualified hearing or judicial officers and other court personnel and must have statutory authority to order parents or guardians to participate in treatment or services for the best interests of the child.
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice management
Index Term(s): Child protection services; Judicial rulemaking; Juvenile courts
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