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NCJ Number: 118538 Find in a Library
Title: Establishing Health and Fitness Standards -- Legal Considerations
Journal: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin  Volume:58  Issue:6  Dated:(June 1989)  Pages:25-30
Author(s): D L Schofield
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The legality of law enforcement administrators to enforce reasonable health and fitness standards that promote good health and job-related fitness in a positive manner is addressed.
Abstract: The implementation and enforcement of mandatory health and fitness standards in a law enforcement organization raises potential legal issues under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and under the Constitution. All mandatory fitness standards must be reasonable to be legally enforceable. Only enforcement of mandatory standards that have a "rational basis" and are fairly implemented is permitted by the Constitution. The legality under Title VII of a particular standard often depends on its impact, e.g. mandatory standards with a disparate impact on women must be justified by proof of job relatedness. A discussion is made of court decisions that illustrate the differing levels of governmental justification necessary to establish the legality of various mandatory standards.
Main Term(s): Physical fitness; Police standards
Index Term(s): Judicial decisions
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