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NCJ Number: 118547 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood and Delinquency: Resident Mobilization and the Social Development of Youth
Corporate Author: Urban and Rural Systems Associates
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 269
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Urban and Rural Systems Associates
San Francisco, CA 94111
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 85-MU-AX-C001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: These eight papers examine neighborhood characteristics and socialization processes and their effects on delinquency, dropping out of school, and other youth behaviors in a sample of troubled neighborhoods in New York City, New Orleans, Miami, Dallas, Chicago, Los Angeles, Phoenix, and San Diego.
Abstract: The research was part of a prevention program that focused on strengthening neighborhood social controls through the efforts of neighborhood residents and institutions. In each neighborhood, neighborhood groups surveyed samples of residents, youths in high schools, dropouts, and gang members to determine their perceptions and estimate the extent and seriousness of the juvenile crime problem. Data on the schools, the economy, and the criminal justice system were also used in the analysis of the sources of juvenile crime. Individual papers examine the historical origins of the prevention program, the neighborhood mobilization effort, social and economic characteristics of neighborhoods with high crime, victimization, and violent juvenile crime. Findings suggest that the overall social and economic conditions are the sources of the high crime rates of these areas. In addition, the analysis of school dropouts and gang members showed that school leaving, gang membership, violence, and drug use appear to be different manifestations of a general pattern of deviance in inner city areas. These behaviors share common explanations in the larger ecological context of the neighborhoods and in the adolescent socialization processes in these areas. Tables and reference lists.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Arizona; California; Economic influences; Environmental influences; Florida; Illinois; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs; Louisiana; New York; Socialization; Texas
Note: Readings From the Neighborhood Crime Prevention Component of the Violent Juvenile Offender Research and Development Program
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