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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 118548 Find in a Library
Title: Social and Legal Policy Dimensions of Violent Juvenile Crime
Author(s): J Fagan
Corporate Author: New York City Criminal Justice Agency, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
New York City Criminal Justice Agency, Inc
New York, NY 10007
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 85-MU-AX-C001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of the debate over the treatment and control of violent juvenile crime emphasizes recent evidence on the effectiveness of juvenile correctional programs in Boston, Detroit, Memphis, Newark, and Phoenix and on the fairness, equity, and consequences of transferring juveniles to adult courts.
Abstract: The demands for changes from the rehabilitative dispositions supported by the juvenile justice philosophy to a retributive system that deters and incapacitates offenders appear to result from the view that rehabilitative interventions are ineffective. However, recent empirical evidence has challenged this view. Evaluations of community corrections programs for serious and violent offenders suggest new directions for effective treatment and reintegration, as shown by the Violent Juvenile Offender Program, a study involving four urban juvenile courts. In addition, analysis of transfers of juveniles to adult courts has shown the need for explicit policy and criteria expressing the intent of the transfer statutes. The youths processed in adult courts receive harsher punishments than comparable youths processed in juvenile courts, and the informal criteria and statutory language that seem to guide the transfer decision are currently so subjective that they invite disparity and capriciousness by prosecutors and judges. Figures, tables, notes, and 104 references.
Main Term(s): Juvenile crime control
Index Term(s): Arizona; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Custody vs treatment conflict; Massachusetts; Michigan; New Jersey; Serious juvenile offenders; Services effectiveness; Tennessee
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