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NCJ Number: 118549 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Treatment and Reintegration of Violent Juvenile Offenders: Experimental Results
Author(s): J Fagan; M Forst; T S Vivona
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 60
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 85-MU-AX-C001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reports the results of the Violent Juvenile Offender Program's (VJOP) impact on the recidivism and social outcomes of the participating violent juvenile offenders compared to control groups.
Abstract: Projects were implemented in Memphis, Tenn., Newark, N.J.; Boston, Mass.; and Detroit, Mich. Participants were initially placed in small, secure facilities and reintegrated into the community through transitional facilities and then given intensive supervision upon returning to their neighborhoods. Control youths were placed in standard juvenile corrections programs. The underlying principles of program components were the strengthening of personal bonds (attitudes, commitment, and beliefs) through positive experiences with family, schools, the workplace, and nondelinquent peers; the strengthening of social bonds (attachments and involvement) through achievement and successful participation in school, workplace, and family activities; social learning; and goal-oriented behaviors. Program components were case management, the reintegration of youth into their communities, and a multiple-phase residential program that included secure care, community-based residence, and community living. Recidivism and other postrelease data were used for comparing the recidivism and social outcomes of experimental youth with controls. Multiple measures were used for recidivism. The VJOP had little discernable effects on the social indicators of school, work, or family, nor did it strengthen the social bonds thought to be part of the etiology of delinquency. Yet there were indications of reduced recidivism for experimental youths. Although the prevalence of rearrests and reincarceration differed little for experimental and control youth, experimental youths had fewer felony arrests and violent crimes as well as a longer time to first rearrest for all crime types. Policy implications are discussed. 7 tables, 134 references.
Main Term(s): Juvenile treatment methods
Index Term(s): Intensive supervision programs; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile reintegration
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