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NCJ Number: 118579 Find in a Library
Title: Mandatory Seat Belt Use Laws and Occupant Crash Protection in the United States: Present Status and Future Prospects (From Preventing Automobile Injury: New Findings From Evaluation Research, P 51-89, 1988, John D Graham, ed. -- See NCJ-118577)
Author(s): A F Williams; A K Lund
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 39
Sponsoring Agency: Auburn House
Westport, CT 06881
Sale Source: Auburn House
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Studies indicate that State seat-belt laws have reduced traffic fatalities, suggesting that the future will see greater use and enforcement of vehicle occupant restraint laws.
Abstract: Research indicates that belt wearing rates increase after belt law enactment and that postlaw wearing rates settle to values higher than prelaw rates but lower than initial postlaw rates. Belt wearing rates are influenced by enforcement levels. The most optimistic future scenario is that most or all States will have belt laws; there will be more States with primary enforcement laws, widespread efforts to maximize belt usage, and widespread availability of air bags. Two commentaries accompany this paper. One commentary argues that traffic safety research should acquire more of the method, style, values, attitudes, and institutional structures of the traditional sciences. The second commentary examines factors in the repeal of the Massachusetts belt use law, suggesting that States like Massachusetts, with secondary enforcement, minimal penalties, and low belt use, are vulnerable to repeal. 4 tables, 74 references.
Main Term(s): Traffic accidents
Index Term(s): State laws; Traffic codes
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