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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 118582 Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol Taxes and Highway Safety (From Preventing Automobile Injury: New Findings From Evaluation Research, P 197-230, 1988, John D Graham, ed. -- See NCJ-118577)
Author(s): C E Phelps
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Auburn House
Westport, CT 06881
Sale Source: Auburn House
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since studies show the incremental effects of higher alcohol prices on vehicle crash fatalities, the tax on alcoholic beverages should increase; the appropriate level of the increase should be further assessed with better studies.
Abstract: The "right" tax is difficult to estimate precisely because reliable data are lacking on the drinking patterns and responsiveness of adults, and there is no clear understanding of the associations between drinking and driving for all age groups. Consumers' own perceptions of risk enter the calculation of the proper tax level but also introduce significant alternative policy options to taxation. If consumers systematically underestimate the risk, then investments in education may prove fruitful. Comments accompanying the paper pertain to studies on the relationship between alcohol prices and consumption demand, the need for better data about the relative price sensitivity of alcohol for various demographic groups, and the need for appropriate preventive programs to accompany an alcohol tax. 34 references, 30 notes, 2 tables.
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Tax effects on crime
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Deterrence effectiveness
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