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NCJ Number: 118775 Find in a Library
Title: United Kingdom (From On Doing Less Harm: Western European Alternatives to Incarceration, P 59-112, 1988, David Fogel, -- See NCJ-118773)
Author(s): D Fogel
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 54
Sponsoring Agency: University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
Sale Source: University of Illinois at Chicago
Office of International Criminal Justice
1033 West Van Buren Street, Suite 500
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Sentencing practices, penal sanctions, and alternatives to incarceration in the United Kingdom are reviewed.
Abstract: In England and Wales, maximum sentences for indictable offenses are relatively high. Efforts are being made to encourage the establishment of sentence ranges or determinate sentences, but there is no indication that such efforts will be successful. Although the average length of prison sentences has decreased in recent years, courts are sentencing more people to immediate imprisonment. Reformatory sentences for young adults are indeterminate, from 6 months to 2 years; the average stay of 9-10 months is followed by a 1-year statutory supervision probation period. In general, fines constitute the most frequently used form of punishment, especially for summary offenses. Other sanctions include junior and adult detention, probation, community service, deferred and suspended sentences, ancillary orders that enable victims to recover stolen goods without recourse to civil proceedings, parole, aftercare, and supervision. Fines, community service, and suspended sentences represent key alternatives to incarceration in the United Kingdom. These alternatives, however, are used in only about half of the possible cases, and 3 percent of the average daily prison population is comprised of fine defaulters. 138 references, 6 tables.
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization
Index Term(s): Day fines; Probation; Sentencing/Sanctions; United Kingdom (UK)
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