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NCJ Number: 118779 Find in a Library
Title: National Socialists and the English Prison Commission: The Berlin Penitentiary Congress of 1935
Journal: International Journal of the Sociology of Law  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1989)  Pages:131-145
Author(s): B Forsythe
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 15
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The 11th International Penitentiary Congress in Berlin in August 1935 occasioned a public debate between delegates holding differing views on the purposes of prison discipline and penal policy.
Abstract: The National Socialist German delegates put forward an approach founded on Nazi philosophy, which included an emphasis on eugenic measures to eliminate criminality stressing the idea that criminality and character were transmitted biologically. The British delegates, on the other hand, emphasized a classical view of prison discipline: Criminality, while effected by heredity and environment, was primarily the result of free moral choice, and the moral reformation was therefore an important part of penal discipline. The nations subsequently adopted the minimum standard for the treatment of prisoners for which the English had pressed, including freedom of worship, prohibition of slave labor, and cessation of violence and starvation of prisoners. 21 notes and 33 references.
Main Term(s): History of corrections
Index Term(s): Foreign correctional systems; Germany; Great Britain/United Kingdom
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