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NCJ Number: 118927 Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol and Interpersonal Violence: Less Than Meets the Eye (From Pathways to Criminal Violence, P 49-67, 1989, Neil A Weiner and Marvin E Wolfgang, eds. -- See NCJ-118925)
Author(s): J J Collins
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter examines evidence supporting a relationship between alcohol use and interpersonal violence.
Abstract: The author argues that although there is substantial and longstanding research evidence that alcohol and interpersonal violence are associated, the research fails to establish conclusively the direct, unmediated impact of alcohol on violence. That so much drinking of alcoholic beverages occurs daily in the United States and other countries that does not result in violence underscores the more complex mechanisms by which alcohol influences violent behavior; e.g., factors such as personality, social context, and culture interact with alcohol consumption to determine whether violent behavior ensues. To illuminate the possible direct and indirect causal links between alcohol and violence, this chapter reviews some major themes of theoretical formulations in this area, ranging from the morally infused "disinhibition" framework to the more contemporary perspective that takes into account multiple causal factors and channels. This is followed by a summary of major research on the connection between alcohol and violent crime, domestic violence, and victimization, as well as the relationship between drinking and levels of community violence. The findings indicate an impressive overall association in each of these areas. Recommendations for future research are offered. 56 references.
Main Term(s): Interpersonal relations
Index Term(s): Violent crimes
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