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NCJ Number: 118943 Find in a Library
Title: Cognitive Consistency in Deviance Causation: A Psychological Elaboration of an Integrated Systems Model (From Theoretical Integration in the Study of Deviance and Crime: Problems and Prospects, P 77-92, 1989, Steven F Messner, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-118940)
Author(s): R A Farrell
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: California Correctional Peace Officers Assoc
West Sacramento, CA 95605
Sale Source: California Correctional Peace Officers Assoc
755 Riverpoint Drive
West Sacramento, CA 95605
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter develops a psychological elaboration of an integrated theory model that draws on interactionist, strain, and social and cultural support theories.
Abstract: The model is elaborated by incorporating the personality attribute of "ambiguity tolerance" into its major assumptions. A central supposition of the model is that conflicting cognitive elements regarding deviation produce stress and the need for its reduction. The mechanisms for such tension reduction are often the redefinition and eventual reorganization of one's overall situation in terms of the more salient attribute of the deviation; i.e., the deviation becomes the overriding basis of social perceptions, role identity, associations, and behavior. Because those unable to tolerate ambiguity are more sensitive to the stresses of incongruent situations, they are more likely to perceive stereotypical imputations of deviance, to incorporate those imputations into their identity, to feel the need to validate their identity through association with others similarly labeled, and to react intensely to definitions that derive from such associations. 2 figures (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Criminology theory evaluation
Index Term(s): Interactionist theory; Social Learning; Strain theory
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