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NCJ Number: 118948 Find in a Library
Title: Deviance and Differentiation (From Theoretical Integration in the Study of Deviance and Crime: Problems and Prospects, P 199-212, 1989, Steven F Messner, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-118940)
Author(s): R F Meier
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: California Correctional Peace Officers Assoc
West Sacramento, CA 95605
Sale Source: California Correctional Peace Officers Assoc
755 Riverpoint Drive
West Sacramento, CA 95605
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the issue of micro and macro analyses of deviance and suggests preliminary work that is necessary before efforts are made to integrate these different analyses.
Abstract: The suggested strategy advocates more attention to basic sociological concepts and the development of more adequate metatheory and derivative unit theory, so that more adequate micro and macro analyses of deviance can be generated. Only then should the issue of theoretical integration be considered. Micro analyses place the meaning of crime in social psychological properties of individual actors. Macro analyses of crime, on the other hand, focus on features of social structure that influence crime among individual and collective actors. Wagner (1984) distinguishes between two kinds of theory, unit theory and metatheory. Metatheory serves as a general orientation, a framework from which unit theories can develop. Unit theories are more specific and testable, in part or totally. If deviance is in some sense a core concept in sociology, theorizing about deviance should be significantly related to theorizing about other social processes. One way to address the disjunction between deviance theory and sociological theory is to link deviance theory with wider concerns in sociological theory; for example, there is a close relationship between the nature of social inequality and social deviance. This connection can be seen by comparing the meaning of social differentiation, social stratification, and social deviance.
Main Term(s): Deviance
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Criminology theory evaluation; Sociological analyses
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