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NCJ Number: 118950 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring Integration of Theoretical Levels of Explanation: Notes on Gang Delinquency (From Theoretical Integration in the Study of Deviance and Crime: Problems and Prospects, P 243-259, 1989, Steven F Messner, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-118940)
Author(s): J F Short Jr
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: California Correctional Peace Officers Assoc
West Sacramento, CA 95605
Sale Source: California Correctional Peace Officers Assoc
755 Riverpoint Drive
West Sacramento, CA 95605
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper suggests a rationale for integrating levels of explanation of delinquency, proposes alternatives to simplifying assumptions which ignore well-established knowledge, and identifies relationships between levels of explanation which might foster their integration.
Abstract: Levels of explanation refer to what is to be explained as well as to how it is to be explained. The "individual" level explains behaviors of individuals, and the "macrosocial" level focuses on rates and types of behavior. The "microsocial" level addresses the behavioral outcomes of ongoing behavioral events and seeks explanation in terms of the interaction processes characteristic of such events. The relevance of each level of explanation to the other levels is the nature of theoretical integration. Theoretical and empirical advance, as well as effective social policy, require knowledge that transcends the limitations of levels of explanation standing alone. The microsocial level of explanation is useful in linking the macrosocial and individual levels, although it is the least understood of the levels of explanation.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Criminology theory evaluation; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
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