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NCJ Number: 118957 Find in a Library
Title: Concept of Self, Mediating Factors, and Adolescent Deviance
Journal: Sociological Spectrum  Volume:9  Issue:3  Dated:(Fall 1989)  Pages:301-319
Author(s): R L Dukes; B D Lorch
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 19
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The theoretical model proposed by the authors is that negative self-concepts lead to poor academic performance and a diminished sense of purpose in life which, in turn, lead to various forms of deviant behavior.
Abstract: A survey of students was conducted in junior and senior high schools in a western city of approximately 250,000 population. Questionnaires were returned by 9,752 students, representing an overall response rate of 77.5 percent. Major dependent variables were such forms of deviance as delinquency, alcohol use, drug use, and eating disorders. Independent variables were self-confidence and self-esteem measures. Academic performance was more important than a sense of purpose in life as a mediating variable for alcohol use, but purpose in life was a more important mediator for eating disorders. In general, poor academic performance and a diminished sense of purpose in life affected adolescent deviance. Demographic variables such as gender, age, social class, and ethnicity did not appreciably affect relationships between self-concept, academic performance, and purpose in life as intervening variables and adolescent alcohol and drug use, delinquency, and eating disorders. 26 references, 3 tables, 2 figures. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile self concept
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