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NCJ Number: 118959 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Water on Stone: A Perspective on the Movement To Eliminate Gender Bias in the Courts
Journal: State Court Journal  Volume:13  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1989)  Pages:13-18
Author(s): N J Wikler
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program Description (Model)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After describing the social and political context in which the movement to eliminate gender bias in the courts arose, this article discusses the creation of the National Judicial Education Program to Promote Equality for Women and Men in the Courts (NJEP) and its catalytic role in the formation of the gender bias task forces, followed by comments on the work and significance of the task forces.
Abstract: At the time that gender bias in the courts was first being documented by researchers in the 1970's, judicial education was in its infancy. Under the impetus of the National Organization for Women's Legal Defense and Education Fund, the NJEP was established in 1980 to develop and introduce courses into established judicial education programs for State and Federal judges on the ways in which gender bias affects the courts and undermines fairness. The success of the movement to eradicate gender bias in the courts, however, required that individual States collect concrete and specific information about the ways in which gender bias operated in each State's judicial system. Following New Jersey's establishment of a task force to achieve these objectives in 1982, a burgeoning of such task forces in other States followed. A systematic evaluation of the work of the New Jersey task force indicates it has created a climate in which the nature and consequences of judicial gender bias are both acknowledged to exist and judged to be unacceptable in the New Jersey courts. Indications are that other task forces will achieve these same results. 7 notes.
Main Term(s): Sex discrimination
Index Term(s): Court reform; Judicial discretion; Judicial educational programs
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