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NCJ Number: 118976 Find in a Library
Title: Measuring Violent Behavior: Effects of Study Design on Reported Correlates of Violence (From Violent Crime, Violent Criminals, P 14-33, 1989, Alan Weiner and Marvin E Wolfgang, eds. - See NCJ-118975)
Author(s): G S Bridges; J G Weis
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of empirical studies of violence published between 1945 and 1983 concluded that the research design can affect the study findings.
Abstract: The research began with the collection of all empirical research publications on violent behavior during the study period, using searches of automated and printed references, an issue-by-issue search of 50 journals, and a search of the automated indexing system of the Library of Congress. Further screening resulted in the listing of 516 publications, from which a 50 percent systematic sample was taken. The analysis used the study design characteristics as the independent measures and study findings relating to age, gender, and social class as the dependent measures. Results showed that a study's findings based on individuals yielded weaker race/violence, gender/violence, and social class/violence correlations than did findings based on higher levels of aggregation. In addition, findings based on offender characteristics were stronger than those based on victim characteristics or the situation of the offense. Moreover, statistical controls for other correlates of violence significantly reduced the strength of the effects of race and social class. Discussion of implications and recommended research strategies, tables, notes, and 46 references.
Main Term(s): Research design
Index Term(s): Research methods; Violence; Violence causes
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