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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 118996 Find in a Library
Title: Concurrent Validity of the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale Among At-Risk Adolescent Females
Journal: Journal of Clinical Psychology  Volume:44  Issue:6  Dated:(November 1988)  Pages:1005-1012
Author(s): R H Moore
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 8
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated the empirical validity of the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale as a measure of alcohol abuse, marijuana use, and related multiple substance use.
Abstract: Classification accuracy was 45 percent for alcohol abuse, 48.8 percent for marijuana use, and 66 percent for related multiple substance use. There were few differences in functioning as measured by the California Psychological Inventory between true positives and false negatives. Subjects exhibited adolescent qualities, such as irresponsibility, attraction to pleasure seeking, and minor rebelliousness. False negatives appeared to be slightly less impulsive and somewhat less secure about themselves. Alcohol was used to enhance a sense of well-being; i.e., to gain pleasure and to reduce dysphoric effect, but not to reduce inhibitions in social relationships. However, true positives tended to use alcohol to help cope with problems in personal relationships, such as rejection. Some limitations of the study, especially in relation to recent formulations of female alcoholism by MacAndrew, were discussed. 2 tables and 19 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug abusers
Index Term(s): Alcoholism causes; Children at risk; Females
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