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NCJ Number: 119003 Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of Reasons for the Supreme Court's Approval of Investigative Stops
Author(s): J C Coleman
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: South Carolina Criminal Justice Acad
Columbia, SC 29210
Type: Policy/Procedure Handbook/Manual
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article is a legal commentary on the findings of the case U.S. v. Sokolow regarding investigatory stops.
Abstract: The reasonable suspicion standard is a derivation of the probable cause command, applicable only to those brief detentions which fall short of being full-scale searches and seizures and which are necessitated by law enforcement exigencies, such as the need to stop ongoing crimes, to prevent imminent crimes, and to protect law enforcement officers in highly charged situations. By requiring reasonable suspicion as a prerequisite to such seizures, the Fourth Amendment protects innocent persons from being subjected to "overbearing or harassing" police conduct carried out solely on the basis of stereotypes or on the basis of irrelevant personal characteristics such as Before detaining an individual, law enforcement officers must reasonably suspect that he is engaged in, or poised to commit, a criminal act at that moment.
Main Term(s): Police due process training
Index Term(s): Arrest procedures; Drug smuggling; Stop and frisk
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