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NCJ Number: 119010 Find in a Library
Title: Social Conflicts Over New Religious Movements (From Cults, Converts and Charisma, P 161-189, 1988, Thomas Robbins -- See NCJ-119006)
Author(s): T Robbins
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses the conflicts and controversies occasioned by new religious movements (NRM's).
Abstract: Several models are emerging to explain the relationship between regulatory or other external pressures on NRM's and deviant behavior by NRM's. One model is epitomized by Richardson's (1985b) argument that the initial organizational patterns of NRM's tend to be "deformed" by the interaction of internal pressures of various kinds and external pressure often related to environmental hostility and regulatory contingencies. The abusive or exploitative patterns of NRM's are often associated with the subsequent "deformed" structure. This perspective contrasts with the emphasis of Ofshe (1980b, 1986) and Wallis (1988) on the initial privileges and immunities of NRM's which supposedly encourage deviance and that may ultimately elicit hostility and retaliation. The middle ground between these perspectives is the feedback model of deviance amplification (Hampshire and Beckford, 1983; Robbins, 1986a; Wallis, 1977) which delineates a spiraling process of mutually interdependent and escalating recriminations by an increasingly hostile and persecutory environmental structure. Quasi-historical analyses have compared contemporary cult controversies with prior episodes involving various religious groups now established in American society.
Main Term(s): Cults
Index Term(s): Community conflict; Religion
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