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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119068 Find in a Library
Title: Expectations for Crime Control (From Analysing Informal Mechanisms of Crime Control: A Cross-Cultural Perspective, P 265-301, 1988, Mark Findlay and Ugljesa Zvekic, eds. -- See NCJ-119060)
Author(s): M Findlay; U Zvekic
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: This chapter develops an analytical scheme for determining the level of formalization in a crime control mechanism.
Abstract: The initial task is to select a social "mechanism" which has crime control as a purpose. The component parts of the mechanism (at least the structure of authority, regulatory framework, and decisionmaking process) should be examined to understand the structure and operation of the social unit. The analysis should be advanced on an internal/discrete and an external/comparative level. An understanding of the ideology of crime control and its manifestations within the specific sociocultural milieu are required because of their significance in social reality and for the projection of future policies. The level of formalization of the mechanism should then be assessed. This can be achieved by using pointers of formalization as analytical devices. The level of formalization of the mechanisms can only be assessed through comparative measures. Crime control is the next dimension for analysis. The relationship between formalization and crime control potential, which may be influenced by ambient processes, is forged through the structure and operations of the mechanism. The significance of formalization for crime control potential and the direction of the link should be analyzed. Once a relationship is established and it proves significant for crime control, it should be further analyzed from a dynamic perspective. Finally, the control process should be monitored to chart the development of the relationship, the factual achievement of its potential, and its developing social significance.
Main Term(s): Informal social control
Index Term(s): Crime control theory; Social control; Socialization
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