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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119088 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Programmes for Indigenous People (From Current International Trends in Corrections, P 77-82, 1988, David Biles, ed. -- See NCJ-119079)
Author(s): P B Kerepia
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
Annandale, NSW 2038, Australia
Sale Source: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
71 Johnson Street
P.O. Box 45
Annandale, NSW 2038,
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: There are over 700 distinct cultures and language groups in Papua New Guinea. The westernized, colonial prison system is attempting to accommodate the common traditional values under which the natives live.
Abstract: Although the various groups have differences in language, kinship systems, and social structure, all groups are tribal; living in communal villages; and practicing subsistence farming, hunting, and fishing. A primary difference between western and tribal society is the concept of individuality. The concept of an individual existing separate from the group with rights as an individual is foreign to the tribal culture. If an individual deviates from tribal values, the whole clan suffers shame and must make compensation. The weight of guilt and social pressure upon the deviant is enormous. The correctional system has sought to accommodate the dynamics of tribal culture in correctional programs by training staff in the values of tribal culture, including traditional tribal leaders in introspective sessions with inmates, and involving tribal communities in various prison programs.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Ethnic groups; Papua New Guinea
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