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NCJ Number: 119090 Find in a Library
Title: Future of Corrections Research (From Current International Trends in Corrections, P 93-100, 1988, David Biles, ed. -- See NCJ-119079)
Author(s): M Tuck
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
Annandale, NSW 2038, Australia
Sale Source: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
71 Johnson Street
P.O. Box 45
Annandale, NSW 2038,
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The task of corrections research for the future should be to devise, monitor, and debate the most effective way to operate new noncustodial dispositions while exposing the ineffectiveness and inefficiency of prisons as the central feature of a corrections system.
Abstract: The future of corrections research can move in one of two ways. Either it can continue to search for justifications for the prison system as the centerpiece of the corrections system, or it can conceive and test new ways of dealing with crime. Those who persist in touting the prison system as primary for a corrections system continue to find new justifications for its wholesale use even though research shows its general ineffectiveness in rehabilitating inmates. Deterrence, incapacitation, justice, and retribution are among the rationales proposed. There is no evidence that prison is the only or even the best means of achieving these aims. Although prisons will continue as secure facilities for housing dangerous offenders, they should not continue to be the primary focus of corrections research and policy. Corrections research already suggests that the most effective offender programs involve offenders in the structure and influences of healthy and law-abiding communities rather than alienating them from such communities in a criminogenic prison subculture. 27 references.
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Corrections effectiveness; Effects of imprisonment
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