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NCJ Number: 119092 Find in a Library
Title: Development of Corrections in India (From Current International Trends in Corrections, P 106-113, 1988, David Biles, ed. -- See NCJ-119079)
Author(s): K Chockalingham
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
Annandale, NSW 2038, Australia
Sale Source: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
71 Johnson Street
P.O. Box 45
Annandale, NSW 2038,
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: A historical review of India's correctional system reveals a crisis in the last two decades because of the gap between the ideology and practice of managing offenders.
Abstract: The problems are many, including inadequate physical facilities for a majority of prisons, unqualified prison personnel, overcrowding, official abuse of inmates' rights, and the absence of reform leadership among corrections administrators. Most inmates belong to the underprivileged class, and women, children, young offenders, and adults are not effectively segregated in the prisons. Facilities are inadequate to treat and segregate inmates suffering from infectious diseases and mental disorders. Prison industries and work programs are archaic and devoid of any rehabilitative value for inmates. Inmates have been victimized by torture, cruelty, atrocities, and violation of their human rights. India's Supreme Court, however, has been responsive to such abuses litigated before it, and efforts are underway to remedy them. State governments and the Union of India have taken various steps to improve the quality of training for police, the judiciary, and correctional officials. Also, several committees on prison reform have been established. 4 references.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): India; Prison conditions; Prison management
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