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NCJ Number: 119121 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Programmes for Juveniles and Young People (From Current Australian Trends in Corrections, P 119-125, 1988, David Biles, ed. -- See NCJ-119105)
Author(s): D Owston
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
Annandale, NSW 2038, Australia
Sale Source: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
71 Johnson Street
P.O. Box 45
Annandale, NSW 2038,
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The Northern Territory of Australia is currently the nation's only jurisdiction that has transferred its juvenile justice functions from the welfare services to the corrections department, recognizing the need not only to provide meaningful community and custodial treatment programs for juvenile offenders but also to examine and address the high numbers of juveniles, especially Aboriginals, who enter the criminal justice system.
Abstract: Currently 60 percent of adult prisoners, 84 percent of juveniles in custody, and 56 percent of juveniles in community programs are Aboriginals, who constitute only 23 percent of the total population. The juvenile court receives a pre-sentence report for each youth. Sentencing aims to avoid custodial settings if possible, but sometimes no alternative exists. Probation supervision programs aim to provide community protection, prevention of further conflict with the law, and personal skill development. The reparation program aims both to punish the offender and repay the victim. Other correctional programs include community service orders, juvenile home detention, custodial treatment, and special programs for young Aboriginal offenders. The Juvenile Justice Act provides the legislative base for the system. Several amendments to this law will be introduced soon. In addition, a multidisciplinary approach to the management of juvenile offenders is emerging with the creation of a department that combines numerous youth agencies. 1 reference.
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Alternatives to institutionalization; Australia; Juvenile Corrections/Detention
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