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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119129 Find in a Library
Title: Home Detention: A Community Programme (From Current Australian Trends in Corrections, P 182-192, 1988, David Biles, ed. -- See NCJ-119105)
Author(s): R Lay
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
Annandale, NSW 2038, Australia
Sale Source: Federation Press (Distributed by Gaunt)
71 Johnson Street
P.O. Box 45
Annandale, NSW 2038,
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Home detention represents a form of punishment that lies between incarceration and community-based programs in its nature and that offers the most potential for addressing both the offender's need to become a responsible and law-abiding citizen and the community's need for safety.
Abstract: This approach has been used in past history, which has many examples of the use of partial incapacitation. One example is the Australian colony of 200 years ago, in which the convicts that made up 40 percent of the population were assigned to work for free settlers or the marine corps. This system transferred the cost of keeping convicts from the government to private citizens while diluting the anti-social impact of convicts throughout the community. Unfortunately, home detention is currently regarded as an alternative to incarceration rather than as a form of partial incapacitation. However, both philosophic and pragmatic considerations make it a desirable approach. Its two forms are front-end programs in which offenders are specifically sentenced to home detention or intensive supervision and back-end programs that substitute for or follow a period of full-time imprisonment. Thirty States in the United States are using home detention, and the New Jersey program is one of the more visible ones. Electronic surveillance using the telephone or a device worn by offenders is part of many home detention programs. Chart and 18 references.
Main Term(s): House arrest
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Australia; Community-based corrections (adult); Corrections in foreign countries; US/foreign comparisons
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