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NCJ Number: 119204 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Crime Through Design in the Chicago Subway System
Author(s): M Falanga
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 227
Sponsoring Agency: Chicago Transit Authority
Chicago, IL 60654
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0039
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study describes high crime stations in Chicago's subway system and presents guidelines for designing stations that cost-effectively reduce crime.
Abstract: Chicago's rapid rail transit system reports about 15,000 crimes yearly, and transit crime costs the city approximately $100 million annually. These costs include police surveillance, operational expenses for other labor-intensive deterrent systems, reduced ridership, lost revenue due to fare evasion, equipment down-time, repair and replacement of vandalized equipment, court processing fees, incarceration, hospitalization, and liability insurance. An analysis of on-site observations at subway stations and on-site interviews with transit police officers and Chicago Transit Authority booth agents indicates that high crime station sites offer perpetrators visual access to most areas surrounding the sites. High incident sites for crimes against persons attract large, congested crowds or people in isolation. Transit employees are often not able to pay attention to an incident, not able to respond to observed incidents, or not within visual access to an incident. High crime station sites always have more than one primary escape alternative and several secondary escape alternatives. Proposed guidelines to reduce the likelihood of transit station crime involve moderating crowd size, creating predictable crowd movement patterns, minimizing crowd congestion and isolated individuals, minimizing opportunities to observe prospective victims without being seen, and offering fewer exit and escape alternatives. Prototypical transit station designs incorporating these guidelines are presented. Appendixes contain additional information on the study methodology and results. 81 references, 59 figures.
Main Term(s): Subway crime prevention
Index Term(s): High crime areas; Illinois; Mass transit security
Note: Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of Michigan
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