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NCJ Number: 119207 Find in a Library
Title: Marijuana Market Problem and the Role of Enforcement (From Marijuana: Costs of Abuse, Costs of Control, P 23-32, 1989, Mark A R Kleiman -- See NCJ-119206)
Author(s): M A R Kleiman
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Vigorous marijuana law enforcement will reduce consumption, but it will also increase the importance of the most dangerous drug-dealing groups, increase financial pressure on some users, and lead others to substitute more dangerous drugs.
Abstract: Marijuana enforcement is intended to reduce consumption. By adding to the costs of trafficking in marijuana, enforcement increases its price. Some users will continue to buy as much marijuana as before, but others will cut back on their use in the face of higher prices or even stop use entirely. For those who continue to use marijuana, its higher cost creates financial problems and may lead to other criminal behaviors in an effort to support marijuana use. For those pressured to stop marijuana use because of the risk of arrest, other more dangerous drugs may be substituted. The criminalization of marijuana and the enforcement of proscriptive laws also creates an illicit marijuana market that brings certain consequences. These include violence and crime, the corruption of public officials, the demoralization of law enforcement and law-abiding citizens, an increase in the revenues of criminal organizations whose activities are not confined to handling marijuana, and complications in relations with foreign governments of source countries. 4 graphs.
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement; Marijuana
Index Term(s): Crime costs; Criminalization
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