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NCJ Number: 119359 Find in a Library
Title: Violence Across the City: The Philadelphia Story 1857-1980 (From Violence in America, Volume 1: The History of Crime, P 102-121, 1989, Ted Robert Gurr, ed. -- See NCJ-119355)
Author(s): N A Weiner; M A Zahn
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Separate time-series data on arrests for murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and firearms violations between 1857 and 1980 in Philadelphia form the basis of this analysis of long-term patterns in violent crime in the city.
Abstract: Results showed that overall violent crime first rose gently from the early 1860's to the early 1920's and then role sharply and nearly continuously from 1960 to 1980. However, patterns differed among the specific types of criminal violence. Murder fluctuated from 1857 through 1940, rose steeply from 1960 to the early 1970's and then declined rapidly. In contrast, rape and aggravated assault rose through the first quarter of the 20th century but behaved differently over the last 2 decades, with rape decreasing and then increasing and aggravated assault generally rising. The divergent patterns indicate that violent crimes vary and require specific but integrated explanations. In addition, a comparison with Boston data show different patterns in the two cities. Suggestions for future research, table, figures, and reference notes.
Main Term(s): Violent crimes
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Massachusetts; Pennsylvania
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