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NCJ Number: 119365 Find in a Library
Title: Homicide in the Twentieth Century: Trends, Types, and Causes (From Violence in America, Volume 1: The History of Crime, P 216-234, 1989, Ted Robert Gurr, ed. -- See NCJ-119355)
Author(s): M A Zahn
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A review of all major studies on homicide in the United States from 1900 to 1988 formed the basis of this analysis of changing trends, the dominant types of homicide in different periods of American history, the effects on different populations, and causes.
Abstract: The two main sources of data on homicide rates are coroners' reports and law enforcement statistics; both are affected by many factors. Nevertheless, the available data show a relatively steep increase between 1900 and 1933, an overall decline through 1964, an increase until 1980, and subsequent decreases. The last 20 years are the most homicidally violent decades in this century in the United States. Although data on victim-offender relationships are incomplete, killings of young men by other young men of similar age and race and who are acquainted is a persistent form of homicide. When homicide rates increase, homicides involving strangers or economic relationships increase. Structural, cultural, interactionist, and psychosocial factors may predispose individuals to kill. These factors vary for family homicides and for homicides related to robbery, however. Further research on the factors involved is needed. Figure, table, and reference notes.
Main Term(s): Homicide causes
Index Term(s): Crime patterns
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