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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119395 Find in a Library
Title: Stimulants, Look-Alikes, Cocaine, and Crack (From The New Drugs: Look-Alikes, Drugs of Deception, and Designer Drugs, P 87-115, 1989, Richard Seymour, David Smith, et al, -- See NCJ-119394)
Author(s): R Seymour; D Smith; D Inaba; M Landry
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Hazelden Educational Materials
Center City, MN 55012
Sale Source: Hazelden Educational Materials
Box 176
15251 Pleasant Valley Road
Center City, MN 55012
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter traces the recent history, nature, effects, and treatment for stimulants, "look-alikes," cocaine, and crack.
Abstract: Amphetamines, introduced as an over-the-counter nasal decongestant in the United States in 1931, were abused after World War II through diversion from pharmaceutical plants and delivery trucks. Legislation was largely successful in removing pharmaceutical amphetamines from the street by reducing production. This was followed by look-alike tablets that generally contain caffeine, ephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine. This chapter describes the physically detrimental effects of these look-alikes and the efforts to control their availability. After reviewing the recent history of cocaine, the cocaine derivatives of pasta, free-base, and crack are discussed, with attention to their toxic effects. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the symptoms and treatment for the abuse of stimulants and stimulant look-alikes. Topics in this section include the treatment of acute and chronic stimulant abuse, acute stimulant toxicity, chronic stimulant toxicity, withdrawal, and recovery. 15 notes.
Main Term(s): Drug information
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Cocaine; Crack; Drug effects; Drug treatment
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