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NCJ Number: 119422 Find in a Library
Title: Jurisprudence and the Social Contract
Journal: American Journal of Jurisprudence  Volume:33  Dated:(1988)  Pages:207-239
Author(s): C F Murphy
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 33
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drawing on the social philosophies of Plato and Aristotle as well as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Kant, the author analyzes John Rawls' assertion in "A Theory of Justice" that political authority can be justified only when derived from the consent of morally autonomous individuals.
Abstract: A valid social contract must recognize the value of the human person. The differences in Hobbes' and Locke's views of the social contract are discussed. Rousseau's wise legislator is contrasted with the governments envisioned by Hobbes and Locke. Kant's exploration of the relationship between politics and philosophy is outlined as is Rawls' concept of the need to tolerate many differing concepts of what is good. Rawls seeks a public standard for citizens to use in determining the justice of political and social institutions. Renewed interest in the social contract suggests a need for wisdom in political leaders. 25 footnotes.
Main Term(s): Social control theory
Index Term(s): Political influences; Social organization
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