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NCJ Number: 119435 Find in a Library
Title: Espionage as Political Crime? A Typology of Spies
Journal: Journal of Security Administration  Volume:12  Issue:1  Dated:(June 1989)  Pages:19-36
Author(s): F Hagan
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 18
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Espionage, the secretive theft of information, has been a human preoccupation since early recorded history.
Abstract: One form of spying, treason, is one of the earliest crimes punished by society, and the only crime defined in the U.S. Constitution. Even though "sub rosa crime" is more costly than traditional property crime and has altered post World War II economic and political history, it has been relatively neglected in the criminological literature. A new typology of spies is proposed and case illustrations are described which attempt to alleviate overconcentration upon ideological spies and include: mercenary, alienated, buccaneer, professional, compromised, deceived, quasi-agent, escapee, and miscellaneous. 60 references, 1 figure. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Espionage
Index Term(s): Treason
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