skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 119510 Find in a Library
Title: Miranda Warnings: Is Specific Wording Required? (From Crime to Court: Police Officer's Handbook, P 1-4, 1989, Joseph C Coleman)
Author(s): J C Coleman
Corporate Author: South Carolina Criminal Justice Acad
Division of the Dept of Public Safety
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: South Carolina Criminal Justice Acad
Columbia, SC 29210
South Carolina Law Enforcement Training Council
Columbia, SC 29201
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article summarizes the facts of Duckworth v. Eagan, a 1988 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court held that the words "if and when you go to court" comply with the warning requirements of Miranda v. Arizona.
Abstract: Some States have authorized telling a criminal suspect who is in police custody and about to be interrogated that the suspect is entitled to a free lawyer "if and when you go to court." Some State and Federal courts found this language misleading, pointing out that a suspect could conclude that he or she is not entitled to a lawyer until going to court. Still other courts have held that the "if and when" language satisfies Miranda. In Duckworth v. Eagan, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the "if and when" language does satisfy Miranda.
Main Term(s): Miranda rights
Index Term(s): Police arrest training; Right to counsel; Rights of the accused
Note: Article based on Crime to Court, a monthly continuing education television program for law enforcement officers produced by S.C. ETV and the South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.