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NCJ Number: 119526 Find in a Library
Title: Physicians as Criminal Defendants: Specialty, Sanctions, and Status Liability
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:13  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1989)  Pages:231-236
Author(s): Stephen Rosoff
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 5
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Results of research suggest that physicians are particularly vulnerable to the effects of "status liability."
Abstract: A commonly held notion is that high occupational status shields a deviant individual from sanctions. Some theorists have proposed that a negative relationship exist between punishment and status when the offending behavior is of low to moderate seriousness, but a positive relationship when it is of high seriousness. This phenomenon has been termed "status liability." This study examines status liability in terms of diverse medical specialties to determine whether status differences among specialists produce measurable different public reactions to deviance. Results follow the pattern predicted by the status liability hypothesis and suggest policy implications in such judicial areas as voir dire, Medicaid, fraud enforcement, and malpractice litigation. 10 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Expert witnesses; Fraud
Index Term(s): Juror characteristics; Voir dire; Witness credibility
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