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NCJ Number: 119539 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Age, Period, and Cohort Effects (From Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems, P 87-117, 1989, Delbert S Elliott, David Huizinga, et al -- See NCJ-119536)
Author(s): D S Elliott; D Huizinga; S Menard
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
New York, NY 10010
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: MH27552; 78-JN-AX-0003; 83-IJ-CX-0063
Sale Source: Springer-Verlag
Publicity Manager
175 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on data from the National Youth Survey (NYS) -- a longitudinal study of juvenile behaviors -- this study examines age, period, and cohort trends in delinquency, drug use, and mental health problems.
Abstract: The NYS sample is drawn from seven cohorts, aged 11-17 in the first year of data collection (1976) and aged 18-24 in the most recent year for which data are currently available. The data are examined in the context of two hypotheses: the Maturational Reform hypothesis and the Easterlin hypothesis. The Easterlin hypothesis asserts that the size of a cohort tends to be inversely related to the relative income of that cohort. The greater scarcity of resources for such cohorts in turn leads to higher levels of psychological and emotional stress. The Maturational Reform hypothesis holds that illegal behavior increases in early adolescence, is highest in middle to late adolescence, and then declines in early adulthood. For the prevalence of general delinquency, the study found, in descending order of magnitude, period, age (absolute deviation from age 16), and cohort size effects, confirming both the Easterlin and Maturational Reform hypothesis. Substance use appears to be subject to a Maturational Reform effect and appears to peak at the end of adolescence and the beginning of adulthood. It is affected by cohort size, as predicted by Easterlin. The prevalence of mental health problems, but not mean scale score, is consistent with the Easterlin cohort-size hypothesis, and it has a linear negative relationship to age. 11 tables.
Main Term(s): Juvenile crime patterns
Index Term(s): Juvenile plea bargaining; Mental disorders; Underage Drinking
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