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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119541 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Etiology of Delinquency and ADM Problems (From Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems, P 137-168, 1989, Delbert S Elliott, David Huizinga, et al -- See NCJ-119536)
Author(s): D S Elliott; D Huizinga; S Menard
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
New York, NY 10010
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: MH27552; 78-JN-AX-0003; 83-IJ-CX-0063
Sale Source: Springer-Verlag
Publicity Manager
175 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter presents an overview of an integrated social psychological model of the etiology of delinquency and ADM (alcohol, drug, mental health) problem behaviors, discusses the methods used to test the model, and presents the results of the test.
Abstract: The model incorporates elements of traditional strain theory, social control (bonding) theory, and social learning theory. The basic modification to classical control theory required by the integration concerns the natural motivation assumption, i.e., the assumption that motivation for deviance is a constant and that the only source of variation related to delinquency or illicit drug use is variation in social controls or restraints on these behaviors. Data for the testing of the model were obtained from the National Youth Survey. Overall, the testing shows one of three distinct etiological paths for delinquency, substance use, and mental health problems. The path for both general delinquency and Index offending involves sex and delinquent peer group bonding. The path for substance use involves belief and delinquent peer group bonding, with some additional unique influence for marijuana use (family involvement) and alcohol use (age). For mental health problems, the etiological path involves the two family context variables (family involvement and normlessness), neither of which is strongly related to delinquency, along with race and school strain. 6 tables.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Juvenile plea bargaining; Mental disorders; Underage Drinking
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