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NCJ Number: 119545 Find in a Library
Title: Driving While Intoxicated Different Roads To and From the Problem
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:16  Issue:3  Dated:(September 1989)  Pages:270-298
Author(s): D M Donovan
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 28
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Driving while intoxicated (DWI) continues to be a major societal concern, exacting a high personal and financial cost.
Abstract: The present article reviews the current scope of the drinking-driving problem and a number of countermeasures employed to reduce it. Primary prevention strategies target young drivers with the goal of preventing the initiation of drinking-driving behavior. Driver's training and drinking-driver education classes have had a minimal impact on DWI. Increasing the minimum age for purchasing alcohol has been considerably more effective. Secondary interventions target the general driving population and are based on the principles of general deterrence. Increasing the perceived risk of arrest and punishment appears to have a short-term impact; increased severity of punishment also has limited effects. Tertiary interventions, or specific deterrents, target convicted DWI offenders with the goal of reducing recidivism. Alcohol education and rehabilitation have shown only a weak positive impact on DWI. License suspension/revocation appears to be an effective and efficient specific deterrent. Overall, it is suggested that the approach with the greatest potential for reducing the drinking-driving problem is an integrated, complementary countermeasure aimed at both person and sociocultural factors. 100 references. (Publisher abstract)
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Index Term(s): Drunk driver programs; Legal drinking age; Police DUI (Driving Under the Influence) Training; Youthful DUI offenders
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=119545

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