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NCJ Number: 119648 Find in a Library
Title: Cultural Context and the Impact of Traffic Safety Legislation: The Reception of Mandatory Seatbelt Laws in Yugoslavia and Illinois
Journal: Law & Society  Volume:23  Issue:2  Dated:(1989)  Pages:283-294
Author(s): R M Hayden
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Foundation
Chicago, IL 60611
American Council of Learned Societies
New York, NY 10022
National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In 1985, laws mandating the wearing of automobile seatbelts went into effect in Illinois and in Yugoslavia.
Abstract: Although the form of the legislation was similar in both jurisdictions, the public response to the laws was very different in the two societies. In Illinois, there was public opposition, a protracted legal challenge to the law, and minimal enforcement by the police. In Yugoslavia, there was no public or legal challenge to the law yet strict enforcement. Compliance, however, was much greater in America than in Yugoslavia. Since previous studies of the impact of seatbelt laws in the United States and in other countries had found patterns of compliance that were similar to those in Illinois, the Yugoslav situation is anomalous. This unexpected finding raises questions concerning the importance of cultural context on the effectiveness of seatbelt laws, on the basic views of law in the two societies, on problems in testing deterrence theory cross-culturally, and on the problems and benefits of comparative research on the impact of legislation. 21 references. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Traffic law enforcement
Index Term(s): Cross-cultural comparisons; Cultural influences; Highway safety; Illinois; Yugoslavia
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