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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119669 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Addiction Among Young People: A Study of Typology and Its Relevance to Treatment Programmes
Journal: Bulletin on Narcotics  Volume:37  Issue:2 and 3  Dated:(April-September 1985)  Pages:125-133
Author(s): L Cancrini; D Costantini; S Mazzoni
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: On the basis of clinical observation, this study classifies drug addiction into four types: traumatic, actual, transitional, and sociopathic.
Abstract: "Traumatic" addiction follows a trauma, generally with an abrupt and acute onset. "Actual" addiction involves an active conflict in a youth's social environment that produces feelings of uneasiness and other disturbing factors. "Transitional" addiction is characterized by various psychological disorders that accompany the onset of drug addiction, and "sociopathic" addiction involves a psychosocial conflict expressed in "acting out" behavior and a number of personality disorders. Each type of addiction differs in onset, evolution, prognosis, and other characteristics relevant to the treatment of drug-addicted persons. Thus, the classification helps in making an appropriate selection of a treatment method and in the evaluation of a treatment program. Traumatic and actual types of addiction have a more favorable prognosis; individual psychotherapy and support in a medical setting is effective for the traumatic type of addiction; treatment in a family setting appears to be suitable for actual and transitional types of addiction; and the therapeutic community may prove to be effective in the treatment of persons affected by sociopathic addiction. 18 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug treatment; Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Diagnostic and reception processing
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