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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119675 Find in a Library
Title: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Infection With Hepatitis Viruses in Individuals Abusing Drugs by Injection
Journal: Bulletin on Narcotics  Volume:38  Issue:1 & 2, double issue  Dated:(January-June 1986)  Pages:15-25
Author(s): D M Novick; I Khan; M J Kreek
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 11
Grant Number: C-148038
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Austria
Annotation: Liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and other viruses have long been associated with the abuse by injection of heroin and other drugs.
Abstract: Infection with new viruses and concomitant alcohol abuse cause increasingly severe hepatic and virological complications of parenteral drug abuse. The hepatitis delta virus (HDV), present only in conjunction with HBV, may cause progressive and clinically significant liver disease. Liver cirrhosis is frequently detected in parenteral drug abusers infected with both HBV and HDV viruses or who abuse alcohol. More than one-quarter of those in the U.S. with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are homosexual or heterosexual men who are parenteral drug abusers. Parenteral drug abusers probably spread hepatitis viruses and the retrovirus associated with AIDS to the general population. Intensive international cooperation in data collection, research, and dialogue on effective measures to deal with parenteral drug abuse and its complications are recommended. 1 table and 33 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission
Index Term(s): Drug paraphernalia; Heroin maintenance
Note: Double issue on the nature and extent of drug abuse problems and social responses
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